Published in the Journal of African History (60:1, 2019), this is a detailed study of the way the Anya-Nya rebellion and counter-insurgency was fought in the 1960s and 1970s. We used thousands of documents from the security and defense files of the South Sudan National Archives in Juba, along with interviews with surviving fighters and residents, to reconstruct a detailed local history of this civil war around Torit.
The study reveals a localised and personalised rebellion, made up of a constellation of parochial armed groups. This new history also demonstrates how these parties built upon experiences from imperial conquest and colonial rule when entrenching violent wartime practices such as mass displacement and encampment, the raising of local militias and intelligence networks, and the deliberate starvation of civilians — all common methods in subsequent wars.
You can download the PDF here.